Buterin to Propose to Increase PoS-Validators Reward

According to Vitalik proposal, if PoS-validators, for example, validate 1,000,000 ETH, then the annual yield will be 18.1%
23 April 2019   743

The creator of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, published on GitHub a proposal on changing the reward scheme for validators after the transition of ETH to the Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism (PoS).

According to the formula proposed by Buterin, if PoS-validators, for example, validate 1,000,000 ETH, then the annual yield will be 18.1%.

Buterin PoS Validators Reward Proposal
Buterin PoS Validators Reward Proposal

The more assets are fixed for validation, the lower the interest rate. So, 134 217 728 ETH will bring cryptoinvestors only 1.56% per annum. At the same time, the maximum annual emission volume will be 2,097,152 ETH.

Considering that the current volume of Ethereum's market offer is 105,777,585 ETH, this offer is focused on the medium and long term. Buterin also clarified that the profitability indicators are shown without taking into account proceeds from transaction fees. Consequently, the actual income of validators can be several percent higher than the values ​​indicated in the table.

According to Justin Drake, a researcher at the Ethereum Foundation, if after implementing PoS 32 million ETH will be allocated for stacking, the income of validators will be 3.2% per annum. At the same time, the annual emission indicator will be 1% (for comparison, the current indicator of Bitcoin inflation is 3.94%).

In this case, Drake notes that after the activation of EIP 1559 of the funds collected in the form of commissions, will be destroyed. Consequently, with an average gas consumption of each shard of 1000 ETH per year, inflation will drop to 0.5%.

Users left generally positive comments on the offer. However, some of them expressed fears that in the new conditions the exchange may receive significant advantages, which will be able to do stacking at the expense of clients.

Developers to Combat Bitcoin Mining Cetralization 

Stratum V2 mining protocol will significantly change the principles of functioning of bitcoin mining
03 December 2019   74

The mining company Braiins has provided instructions for using a code that can make the Bitcoin mining process more decentralized, CoinDesk writes. It is expected that Stratum V2 will significantly change the principles of functioning of bitcoin mining and will help increase the safety and efficiency of mining pools.

More comprehensive than BetterHash, individual job selection, zero time backend switching. If this protocol does everything it promises, "mining centralization" as an argument will be completely dead.
 

Jimmy Song

Developer, Bitcoin

Matt Corallo of Square, who made a significant contribution to the development of the protocol:

This is huge for mining centralization. Instead of being focused on the centralization of pools (which is the world we're in today), we can focus on the centralization of actual miners [and] farm owners!
 

Matt Corallo

Bitcoin developer, Square

Last year, Corallo introduced the BetterHash protocol, which became his own plan for decentralization of mining. Now Braiins and Corallo decided to put their know-how together to present a more effective solution.

Individual miners often pool in order to smooth out the negative effect of the uneven distribution of rewards. This has led to the fact that today only three mining pools control over 50% of the computing power of bitcoin and can directly affect which transactions are included in the blocks.

To prevent this situation, Stratum V2 uses a model that changes the relationship of the miner with the mining pool. In the proposed system, the decision about which transactions to include in the blocks is made by miners, not pools. In addition, the individual right to vote in determining the vector for the development of bitcoin is returned to individual miners.

However, the developers note that mining pools interested in censoring transactions may simply refuse to install Stratum V2, and the problem of centralization consists in the production of equipment, which so far is concentrated in the hands of several large players.

To induce the use of Stratum V2 mining pools should the advantages offered by the protocol in the context of reducing costs, preventing attacks and limiting the possibility of theft of computing power. Now developers are completing the preparation of their solution, but it is already available for testing. It is expected that in the case of a favorable attitude of mining pools, their transition to Stratum V2 will require at least 12 months.