C# 8 features overview

Project manager of C# at Microsoft talks about the most interesting features of upcoming release
22 August 2017   2043

C # is an object-oriented programming language. Developed in 1998-2001 by a group of engineers led by Anders Heilesberg at Microsoft as the application development language for the Microsoft .NET Framework and subsequently standardized as ECMA-334 and ISO / IEC 23270.

At the moment, there is 7th version of this language available, released in March 2017. 

At this video, Mads Torgersen, a project manager of C# will get you familiar with the most intersting features of 8th version of this programming language. You will learn about:

  • Nullable reference types
  • Async Streams
  • Default Interface Implementations
  • Extension Everything

 

Ledger to Discover HSM Vulnerability

HSM is an external device designed to store public and private keys used to generate digital signatures and to encrypt data, used by banks, exchanges, etc
10 June 2019   1860

A group of researchers from Ledger identified several vulnerabilities in the Hardware Security Module (HSM) devices, which can be used to extract keys or perform a remote attack to replace the firmware of an HSM device. The problem report is currently available only in French, the English-language report is scheduled to be published in August during the Blackhat USA 2019 conference. HSM is a specialized external device designed to store public and private keys used to generate digital signatures and to encrypt data.

HSM allows you to significantly increase protection, as it completely isolates keys from the system and applications, only by providing an API to perform basic cryptographic primitives implemented on the device side. Typically, HSM is used in areas where you need to provide the highest protection, for example, in banks, cryptocurrency exchanges, certification centers for checking and generating certificates and digital signatures.

The proposed attack methods allow an unauthenticated user to gain complete control over the contents of the HSM, including extracting all the cryptographic keys and administrative credentials stored on the device. The problems are caused by a buffer overflow in the internal PKCS # 11 command handler and an error in the implementation of the cryptographic protection of the firmware, which bypasses the firmware check using the PKCS # 1v1.5 digital signature and initiates loading the own firmware in the HSM.

The name of the manufacturer, the HSM devices of which have vulnerabilities, has not yet been disclosed, but it is argued that the problem devices are used by some large banks and cloud service providers. At the same time it is reported that information about the problems was previously sent to the manufacturer and it has already eliminated vulnerabilities in the fresh firmware update. Independent researchers suggest that the problem may be in the devices of the company Gemalto, which in May released an update to Sentinel LDK with the elimination of vulnerabilities, access to information about which is still closed.