Chinese School Principals to Mine ETH At Work

School from Hunan Province suffered losses in the amount of $ 2,163
09 November 2018   968

The director and the head teacher of the Chinese school from Hunan Province - Lei Hua and Won Tsipen - installed nine mining devices for Ethereum worth $ 7,000 right in the building of the educational institution. Because of this, for several months the school suffered losses in the amount of $ 2,163, reports CoinDesk.

Initially, Lei Hua installed the devices at home, but due to high electricity costs, he decided to move the mining farm to a school, where he carried out the theft of electricity.

Because of the secret mining from July to November, electricity consumption at school has almost doubled, and the speed of the IT network has also decreased. The school’s leadership initially suggested that this was due to the excessive use of air conditioners, but an investigation revealed that the cause was illegal mining.

The director, convicted of stealing electricity, was dismissed from his post and removed from his post in the Communist Party, while his assistant was reprimanded.

Exim Mail Servers to Undergo Massive Attacks

Hackers are using fixed vulnerability, which was found last week, but still more than 3.6M mail servers in the global network remain potentially vulnerable
14 June 2019   306

Cybereason security researchers warned mail server administrators about the discovery of a massive automated attack that exploits a critical vulnerability (CVE-2019-10149) of Exim that was discovered last week. During the attack, hackers seek to execute their code as root and install malware for mining cryptocurrency on the server.

According to the Shodan service, more than 3.6 million mail servers in the global network remain potentially vulnerable, and are not updated to the latest release of Exim 4.92. About 2 million potentially vulnerable servers are located in the USA, 192 thousand in Russia. According to RiskIQ, version 4.92 has already switched 70% of servers to Exim.

Vulnerable Exim Servers
Vulnerable Exim Servers

Administrators are advised to urgently install updates that were prepared last week (Debian, Ubuntu, openSUSE, Arch Linux, Fedora, EPEL for RHEL / CentOS). If there is a defeated version of Exim in the system (from 4.87 to 4.91 inclusive), you need to make sure that the system is no longer compromised by checking the crontab for suspicious calls and to ensure that there are no additional keys in the /root/.ssh directory. The attack can also be indicated by the presence in the log of the firewall of activity from the hosts an7kmd2wp4xo7hpr.tor2web.su, an7kmd2wp4xo7hpr.tor2web.io and an7kmd2wp4xo7hpr.onion.sh, which are used for during the malware download process.

The first attacks on Exim servers were recorded on June 9th. By June 13, the attack became widespread. After exploiting the vulnerabilities through the tor2web gateways, the Tor hidden service (an7kmd2wp4xo7hpr) downloads a script that checks for OpenSSH (if not installed), changes its settings (allows root login and key authentication) and sets the root user for the root user access to the system via SSH.

After setting up the backdoor, a port scanner is installed in the system to identify other vulnerable servers. It also searches the system for existing mining systems that are deleted if detected. At the last stage, the own miner is loaded and registered in the crontab. The miner is loaded under the guise of an ico-file (in fact, is a zip-archive with the password "no-password"), in which the executable file in ELF format for Linux with Glibc 2.7+ is packed.