Chrome 69 to Remove Subdomains From the Address Bar

New version of popular browser removes WWW and M subdomains from the address bar; some users are facing issues with it
11 September 2018   230

Along with the new version of Chrome under number 69, the names of the subdomains "www" and "m" have disappeared from the address bar of the browser. Dissatisfied users argue that the innovation led to the transition to third-party resources. The good news is that the function can be disabled in the browser settings.

As examples of the problems with the function, users cited several cases:

To turn off the function, you need to perform a few simple steps:

  1. Type chrome:// flags / # omnibox-ui-hide-steady-state-url-scheme-and-subdomains in the address bar and press Enter.
  2. Select Disabled for Omnibox UI Hide Steay-State URL Scheme and Trivial Subdomains.
  3. Click Relaunch Now in the appeared window, after which the browser will restart.

In the code of a browser, IsTrivialSubdomain () works for innovation:

 private:
  static bool IsTrivialSubdomain(base::StringPiece subdomain) {
    if (subdomain == "www")
      return true;

#if defined(OS_ANDROID) || defined(OS_IOS)
    // Eliding the "m" subdomain on Desktop can be confusing, since users would
    // generally want to know if they are unintentionally on the mobile site.
    if (subdomain == "m")
      return true;
#endif

    return false;
  }

The new version of the Chrome browser came out with an updated design, an improved password manager and omnibox in early September of 2018. At the same time, the company recalled that the first version appeared exactly 10 years ago, and also shared plans for the future.

Cloudflare to Develop IPFS Gateway

According to the developers, new gateway will allow to create P2P based websites
20 September 2018   85

Cloudflare told about the IPFS gateway, which will allow creating sites based on P2P network. The company said that access to content will be done without having to install special software on the devices.

As a technology feature, Cloudflare experts note decentralization. Using a standard network scheme with servers involves physical storage of data in one place. Hacking the server or damage to communications as a result of an emergency (for example, a natural disaster) will lead to inaccessibility of information or its loss. The same is threatened with information if the server owner has decided to refuse it.

Cloudflare Network
Cloudflare Network

The IPFS gateway combines computers, on each of which some information is stored, to the worldwide network. Therefore, the inaccessibility of one computer does not mean that the content can not be viewed or downloaded. Therefore, the key differences are two:

  1. With IPFS, anyone can freely post information instead of storing it on remote servers and paying for their services.
  2. Requests for access to data are carried out using cryptographic hashing, rather than by IP address. The query data is converted to a series of letters and numbers, by which the system finds the required files. For example, the query for any information will not like "get information that is located at IP address 93.184.216.34", but the kind "get information with hash sum QmXnnyufdzAWL5CqZ2RnSNgPbvCc1ALT73s6epPrRnZ1Xy". This hash sum is part of the desired file and is on several computers.

The system automatically determines the authenticity of the file. If we take as an example a query with a hash sum QmXnnyufdzAWL5CqZ2RnSNgPbvCc1ALT73s6epPrRnZ1Xy, then when receiving the information it should remain the same. If the hash value differs, then the file has been changed. In other words, the hash-sum can be represented as a unique fingerprint:

IPFS Security
IPFS Security

Supporters of decentralization are also in a number of other companies. Mozilla employees believe that consumers should not be tied to a particular product, brand or platform. In early August 2018, developers published a version of the IoT gateway Things Gateway 0.5. In it, they realized the possibility of loading third-party icons and an interface for complex devices.