Crypto May Be Another "Time Store", Shiller Believes

Nobel laureate in economics believes that cryptocurrency is another attempt to change the format of money
22 May 2018   337

Nobel laureate in economics Robert Shiller said that cryptocurrencies are not the first attempt to change the existing format of money, and that all previous attempts ended in complete failure. This is reported by Bloomberg.

So, he gave an example of the so-called "time store", which was created by anarchist Josiah Warren in 1827 in Cincinnati. In this retail store, products were sold for hours of work or "labor bills."

Two years later, in London, textile industrialist Robert Owen attempted to found the Labor Exchange on the basis of labor tickets.

The concept of the "electric dollar," stressed Shiller, completely failed and was rather a comedy, not an innovation.

No one, outside of computer science departments, can explain how cryptocurrencies work. That mystery creates an aura of exclusivity, gives the new money glamour, and fills devotees with revolutionary zeal. None of this is new, and, as with past monetary innovations, a compelling story may not be enough.

Robert Shiller

Nobel laureate in economics

Earlier, Shiller called bitcoin "a psychological experiment." 

SEC to Slap ICO Founder With $30K Fine

Additionally, David Laurance, founder of Tomahawk Exploration LLC got 2 lifetime bans
15 August 2018   119

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on Tuesday reported that it has issued two new bans directed against David Laurence, the founder of Tomahawk Exploration LLC. Tomahawk allegedly stands behind fraudulent ICO, writes CoinDesk.

Laurence, according to the SEC, raised funds through the sale of Tomahawkcoin tokens, in the process of using misleading advertising materials and fraudulent statements that it is a tenant of drilling sites.

Moreover, the sale of Tomahawkcoin tokens, according to the SEC, was accompanied by a false promise that "the holders of tokens will be able to exchange Tomahawkcoin for shares and receive a potential profit from oil production and secondary tokens trading."

According to the SEC, Lawrence neither acknowledged nor denied the charges, but he and his company agreed to these bans, as well as a fine of $ 30,000.

...Tomahawk issued tokens as part of the Bounty Program to generate interest in the ICO, which benefited Tomahawk. Distribution of tokens that are securities in exchange for promotional services to advance the issuer's economic objectives or create a public market for the securities constitute sales for purposes of Section 5 of the Securities Act and Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 thereunder.


The first prohibition of the SEC is a ban on the director's work in public companies, and the second does not allow Lawrence to own and trade in so-called "penny" shares. Both prohibitions, according to the announcement of the SEC, are lifelong.