Differences between List.of and Arrays.asList in Java

Four main differences between List.of method, added in Java 9, and old one Arrays.asList 
31 October 2017   535

In Java 9, there is new Collection Factory methods, called List.of:

List<String> strings = List.of("first", "second");

Let's figure out what's the difference between the previous and the new options.

There are 4 main differences:

Arrays.asList returns a mutable list while the list returned by List.of is immutable:

List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(1, 2, null);
list.set(1, 10); // OK

List<Integer> list = List.of(1, 2, 3);
list.set(1, 10); // Fails

Arrays.asList allows null elements while List.of doesn't:

List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(1, 2, null); // OK
List<Integer> list = List.of(1, 2, null); // Fails with a NullPointerException

contains method behaves differently with nulls:

List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3);
list.contains(null); // Return false

List<Integer> list = List.of(1, 2, 3);
list.contains(null); // Throws NullPointerException

Arrays.asList returns a view of the passed array, so the changes to the array will be reflected in the list too. For List.of this is not true:

Integer[] array = {1,2,3};
List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(array);
array[1] = 10;
System.out.println(list); // Prints [1, 10, 3]

Integer[] array = {1,2,3};
List<Integer> list = List.of(array);
array[1] = 10;
System.out.println(list); // Prints [1, 2, 3]    

 

What is Web3j?

Small review of lightweight Java and Android library for integration with Ethereum clients
15 December 2017   831

What is webj3?

web3j is a lightweight, highly modular, reactive, type safe Java and Android library for working with Smart Contracts and integrating with clients (nodes) on the Ethereum network:

web3j architecture
Web3j Architecture

This allows you to work with the Ethereum blockchain, without the additional overhead of having to write your own integration code for the platform.

According to the developers, these are the features:

  • Complete implementation of Ethereum's JSON-RPC client API over HTTP and IPC
  • Ethereum wallet support
  • Auto-generation of Java smart contract wrappers to create, deploy, transact with and call smart contracts from native Java code (Solidity and Truffle definition formats supported)
  • Reactive-functional API for working with filters
  • Ethereum Name Service (ENS) support
  • Support for Parity's Personal, and Geth's Personal client APIs
  • Support for Infura, so you don't have to run an Ethereum client yourself
  • Comprehensive integration tests demonstrating a number of the above scenarios
  • Command line tools
  • Android compatible
  • Support for JP Morgan's Quorum via web3j-quorum

It has five runtime dependencies:

  • RxJava for its reactive-functional API
  • OKHttp for HTTP connections
  • Jackson Core for fast JSON serialisation/deserialisation
  • Bouncy Castle (Spongy Castle on Android) for crypto
  • Jnr-unixsocket for *nix IPC (not available on Android)

It also uses JavaPoet for generating smart contract wrappers.

Lear more at GitHub.