Differences between TypeScript and JavaScript

Small compering of two programming languages with code examples
21 August 2017   4264

TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript which primarily provides optional static typing, classes and interfaces. One of the big benefits is to enable IDEs to provide a richer environment for spotting common errors as you type the code.

Code examples

TypeScript:

class Greeter {
    greeting: string;
    constructor (message: string) {
        this.greeting = message;
    }
    greet() {
        return "Hello, " + this.greeting;
    }
}  

JavaScript:

var Greeter = (function () {
    function Greeter(message) {
        this.greeting = message;
    }
    Greeter.prototype.greet = function () {
        return "Hello, " + this.greeting;
    };
    return Greeter;
})();

Notice how the TypeScript defines the type of member variables and class method parameters. This is removed when translating to JavaScript, but used by the IDE and compiler to spot errors, like passing a numeric type to the constructor.

It's also capable of inferring types which aren't explicitly declared, for example, it would determine the greet() method returns a string.

Node.js v12.0.0 to be Rolled Out

It has giant list of updates, improvements and changes
24 April 2019   548

The release of Node.js 12.0.0, a platform for executing network applications in JavaScript, is available. Node.js 12.0 refers to branches with a long period of support, but this status will be assigned only in October, after stabilization. Updates for LTS branches are issued for 3 years. Support for the last LTS branch of Node.js 10.0 will last until April 2021, and the year before last LTS-branch 8.0 until January 2020. Support for the intermediate branch Node.js 11.0 will be discontinued in June 2019. The lifetime of the LTS branch 6.0 will end on April 30.

These are some of the large list of updates and new staff:

  • V8 engine was updated to version 7.4 with support for asynchronous stack traces, increasing await performance, parsing JavaScript and calls when the actual and declared number of arguments does not match;
  • TLS 1.3 is now supported in the tls module and TLS 1.0 / 1.1 is shutdown by default;
  • Enhancing protection and checks on the size of allocated memory in the Buffer class;

Get more info at official website.