ESMA: "ICOs are very risky"

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) issued two Statements on Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs)
13 November 2017   733

The European Securities Market Authority (ESMA) issued an official statement, that warn investors of the extremely risky and speculative nature of the ICO. This is reported by Bloomberg.

In particular, the statement of the financial regulator says that this type of investment is fraught with a complete loss of the invested capital.

ESMA is alerting investors of the high risk of losing all of their invested capital as ICOs are very risky and highly speculative investments. The price of the coin or token is typically extremely volatile and investors may not be able to redeem them for a prolonged period. Another key risk stems from the fact that, depending on how they are structured, ICOs may fall outside of the scope of EU laws and regulations, in which case investors cannot benefit from the protection that these laws and regulations provide. ICOs are also vulnerable to the risk of fraud or money laundering.
 

The ESMA Statement

In addition, the ESMA published a guide for companies implementing the ICO, which states that in many cases they need to ensure compliance with the requirements of EU financial regulation related to providing potential investors with full information about the placement and countering money laundering.

Note that the European regulator first published an official statement on the ICO, despite the fact that other national regulators have repeatedly warned investors about the dangers associated with the initial placement of coins. So, earlier financial regulators of Germany and Great Britain called the ICO "a speculative form of investment."

Tezos Co-Founder penaltied by Wall Street Regulator

Tezos co-founder Arthur Breitman is punished with a fine and a trading veto for two years by The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)
20 April 2018   93

The Wall Street regulatory institution has come to a adjudgement with Breitman after he was indicted of producing false statements about his side venture (Tezos) while he was actually employed at Morgan Stanley. All registered FINRA securities specialists are demanded to report any for-profit activity outside of their stated employment if there is “reasonable expectation of compensation.”

The regulatory activity started from a Reuters article published in October that discovered Breitman, who is filed with FINRA as a French citizen, never disclosed hise work for Tezos while still employed at Morgan Stanley within the years of 2014-2015.

Together with the other proofs published in Reuters` article is a business plan written in 2015 that lists Brietmen as chief executive and makes projections on the potential for the company to be worth as much as 20 billion dollars over 15 years.  They also cited two papers Breitman penned under the pseudonym L.M. Goodman about Tezos, showing that he purposely hid his connection with the firm.

FINRA enclosed that “Breitman did not notify Morgan Stanley at any time that he was engaging in these outside business activities.” The adjudgement conditions of April 18 are that Breitman shun any broker-deals for 2 years and pay a $20,000 fine. Breitman neither accept nor disclaim the indictments.

The settlement with FINRA is unrelated to and has no impact on the launch of the Tezos network. Arthur cooperated fully with FINRA at all times and Arthur is pleased to put this personal matter behind him.
Sarah Lightdale, lawyer of Arthur Breitman

Last July the Tezos foundation increased for $232 million from their initial coin offering to found the blockchain network for smart contracts but still haven’t delivered any of the cryptocurrency to supporters because of infighting and legal problems in and outside of the boardroom.