The European Securities Market Authority (ESMA) issued an official statement, that warn investors of the extremely risky and speculative nature of the ICO. This is reported by Bloomberg.
In particular, the statement of the financial regulator says that this type of investment is fraught with a complete loss of the invested capital.
ESMA is alerting investors of the high risk of losing all of their invested capital as ICOs are very risky and highly speculative investments. The price of the coin or token is typically extremely volatile and investors may not be able to redeem them for a prolonged period. Another key risk stems from the fact that, depending on how they are structured, ICOs may fall outside of the scope of EU laws and regulations, in which case investors cannot benefit from the protection that these laws and regulations provide. ICOs are also vulnerable to the risk of fraud or money laundering.
The ESMA Statement
In addition, the ESMA published a guide for companies implementing the ICO, which states that in many cases they need to ensure compliance with the requirements of EU financial regulation related to providing potential investors with full information about the placement and countering money laundering.
Note that the European regulator first published an official statement on the ICO, despite the fact that other national regulators have repeatedly warned investors about the dangers associated with the initial placement of coins. So, earlier financial regulators of Germany and Great Britain called the ICO "a speculative form of investment."