ETH Foundation to be Sponsor of UNICEF Crypto Fund

The first contributions to the UNICEF Cryptocurrency Fund will come from the Ethereum Foundation; it will be used for kids OS projects
10 October 2019   865

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has established a cryptocurrency fund to accept donations in bitcoins and Ethereum.

Digital assets will finance open source technologies for children and youth around the world.

UNICEF became the first organization in the UN that transacts in cryptocurrency, the fund said in a press release.

This is a new and exciting venture for UNICEF. If digital economies and currencies have the potential to shape the lives of coming generations, it is important that we explore the opportunities they offer. That’s why the creation of our Cryptocurrency Fund is a significant and welcome step forward in humanitarian and development work.
 

Henrietta Fore

Executive Director, UNICEF

The first contributions to the UNICEF Cryptocurrency Fund will come from the Ethereum Foundation through the French branch of the children's fund, which previously began to accept donations in nine cryptocurrencies.

Digital assets will be directed to finance three grantees of the UNICEF Innovation Fund. These are startups Prescrypto, Atix Labs and Utopixar, working in the areas of “tracking recipes, selecting investors and those who need financing, as well as public tokens and business relations”. GIGA will also receive funds from the cryptocurrency fund for connecting schools around the world to the Internet.

Potentional Vulnerabilities Found in ETH 2.0

Least Authority have found potentional security issues in the network P2P interaction and block proposal system
26 March 2020   994

Technology security firm Least Authority, at the request of the Ethereum Foundation, conducted an audit of the Ethereum 2.0 specifications and identified several potential vulnerabilities at once.

Least Authority said that developers need to solve problems with vulnerabilities in the network layer of peer-to-peer (P2P) interaction, as well as in the block proposal system. At the same time, the auditor noted that the specifications are "very well thought out and competent."

However, at the moment there is no large ecosystem based on PoS and using sharding in the world, so it is impossible to accurately assess the prospects for system stability.
Also, information security experts emphasized that the specifications did not pay enough attention to the description of the P2P network level and the system of records about Ethereum nodes. Vulnerability risks are also observed in the block proposal system and the messaging system between nodes.

Experts said that in the blockchains running on PoS, the choice of a new block is simple and no one can predict who will get the new block. In PoS systems, it is the block proposal system that decides whose block will fall into the blockchain, and this leads to the risk of data leakage. To solve the problem, auditors suggested using the mechanism of "Single Secret Leader Election" (SSLE).

As for the peer-to-peer exchange system, there is a danger of spam. There is no centralized node in the system that would evaluate the actions of other nodes, so a “malicious" node can spam the entire network with various messages without any special punishment. The solution to this problem may be to use special protocols for exchanging messages between nodes.