Finland works with Esentia.One: Blockchain for Logistics

The Finnish government has declared second collaboration with decentralized interoperability protocol Esentia.One to build blockchain solutions for logistics
29 June 2018   966

This is the second pilot program that the two organizations have cooperated - the first one, which started in April of 2018, was made to track production chains and reduce unemployment rates. 

The success of our first e-government blockchain project with MTK meant we built a level of mutual trust. As passionate believers in the underlying value in blockchain, we knew that we could adapt the technology to solve many more issues in different governmental departments.
Matteo Gianpietro Zago
Co-Founder, Esentia.One

Essentia.One on Twitter
Essentia.One on Twitter

This spep also represents the latest in a series of initiatives by the Finnish government to position the state as one of the world’s leading logistics hubs. The pilot will finally be introduced to several Finnish government organizations that are connected with the logistics industry: the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications, the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi), the Finnish Transport Agency, the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority, the Finnish Customs, and other member organizations of Finland’s Corridor as a Service (CaaS) ecosystem.

Our purpose has always been financial inclusion, and especially to help people in developing countries.
Antti Pennanen,
CEO, MONI

The Finnish government has researched several other blockchain initiatives. It declared about a partnership with local startup MONI to provide fugitives with blockchain-based debit cards that would also record identity information in September of 2017.

Potentional Vulnerabilities Found in ETH 2.0

Least Authority have found potentional security issues in the network P2P interaction and block proposal system
26 March 2020   965

Technology security firm Least Authority, at the request of the Ethereum Foundation, conducted an audit of the Ethereum 2.0 specifications and identified several potential vulnerabilities at once.

Least Authority said that developers need to solve problems with vulnerabilities in the network layer of peer-to-peer (P2P) interaction, as well as in the block proposal system. At the same time, the auditor noted that the specifications are "very well thought out and competent."

However, at the moment there is no large ecosystem based on PoS and using sharding in the world, so it is impossible to accurately assess the prospects for system stability.
Also, information security experts emphasized that the specifications did not pay enough attention to the description of the P2P network level and the system of records about Ethereum nodes. Vulnerability risks are also observed in the block proposal system and the messaging system between nodes.

Experts said that in the blockchains running on PoS, the choice of a new block is simple and no one can predict who will get the new block. In PoS systems, it is the block proposal system that decides whose block will fall into the blockchain, and this leads to the risk of data leakage. To solve the problem, auditors suggested using the mechanism of "Single Secret Leader Election" (SSLE).

As for the peer-to-peer exchange system, there is a danger of spam. There is no centralized node in the system that would evaluate the actions of other nodes, so a “malicious" node can spam the entire network with various messages without any special punishment. The solution to this problem may be to use special protocols for exchanging messages between nodes.