Flatpak 1.0 to be Released

Flatpak is the the Linux desktop app distribution framework
21 August 2018   901

Developers presented a stable version of Flatpak 1.0 - a framework for building self-contained packages that are not tied to a specific Linux distribution. Among the supported systems: Debian, Fedora, Linux Mint and Ubuntu. Applications collected using Flatpak are runing in an isolated container outside the OS.

Flatpak-program contains only specific dependencies: the basic system and graphic libraries are connected as runtime-environments individually for each distribution. This allows you to run test or suspicious application iterations in a separate sandbox, and also to update packages without changing the system.

Key Features of Flatpak 1.0

  • Developers can separately mark out-of-date versions of packages, so during their installation, the user will receive a warning about this.
  • Applications can now create a separate sandbox and restart themself..
  • New utility flatpak-spawn. It works through the Portals API and is needed to create isolated environments and run commands on the host side.
  • Packages ca be installed through P2P (from USB-drives or on the local network) by default, with support for bundle-packages.
  • The Flathub service, containing both development tools and ready-made applications, has received the status of a stable project.
  • Stable release of the runtime platform by default Freedesktop, built using the new BuildStream system.
  • Internal reorganization of the code, improvement of overall stability and performance.

More information on the new version can be found on the Flatpak project GitHub page..

Huawei May Use Russian OS Instead Android

Due to US sanctions, popular smartphone manufacturer is negotiating of using Russian OS called Aurora, which is based on Sailfish OS
11 June 2019   497

The Bell has received information from several unnamed sources about the discussion of the possibility of using the proprietary mobile operating system Aurora on some types of Huawei devices.

The movement in the direction of Aurora has so far limited itself only to a discussion of the possibility of using this OS, no plans have been presented. The discussion was attended by the Minister of Digital Development and Communications Konstantin Noskov and the Executive Director of Huawei. The meeting also raised the issue of creating a joint production of chips and software in Russia. The information was not confirmed at Rostelecom, but expressed willingness to cooperate.

Huawei declined to comment on the published information. At the same time, the company is developing its own mobile platform Hongmeng OS (Arc OS), providing compatibility with Android applications. The first release of Hongmeng OS is scheduled for the fourth quarter of this year. Two options will be offered - for China and the global smartphone market. It is alleged that Hongmeng OS has been in development since 2012 and was ready for the beginning of 2018, but was not delivered due to the use of Android as a main platform and partnership with Google.

There is evidence that for testing in China, the first batch of 1 million Hongmeng OS-based smartphones has already been distributed. Technical details are not disclosed yet and it is not clear whether the platform is built on Android code or only includes a layer for compatibility. Huawei has long been delivering its own Android edition - EMUI, it is possible that it is the basis of Hongmeng OS.

Huawei’s interest in alternative mobile systems is driven by restrictive measures introduced by the US Department of Commerce, which will restrict Huawei’s access to Android services falling under a commercial agreement with Google, as well as breaking commercial relations with ARM.

Sailfish is partly a proprietary mobile operating system with an open system environment, but closed by the user shell, basic mobile applications, QML components for building the Silica graphical interface, an interlayer for launching Android applications, a smart text input engine and a data synchronization system. The open system environment is built on the basis of Mer (fork MeeGo), which since April has been developing as an integral part of Sailfish, and packages of the Mer distribution package Nemo. On top of the Mer system components, a graphical stack is launched based on the Wayland and Qt5 library.