French financial regulator concerned about ICO

Head of Autorité des Marchés Financiers urged the authorities of France and the EU determine the legal status of the ICO
09 October 2017   1945

The head of the French Commission for the Supervision of the Financial Market (Autorité des Marchés Financiers, AMF), Robert Ophele, is convinced that the existing European legislation is ineffective with regard to the regulation of the ICO. This is reported by Bitcoin.com.

In Ophele's opinion, European legislation does not allow to qualify the ICO in any way and does not make it possible to determine the cases when additional requirements must be made to the ICOs.

The AMF is currently analyzing the legal status for ICOs. Which are in the process of developing in France. We want to have a  position on the subject, to act without waiting for Europe to deal with the subject because it will be too late in terms of investor protection.
 

Robert Ophele
Head, AMF

Also, Ophele urged the authorities of France and the EU determine the legal status of the ICO. According to the head of the AMF, this should contribute to the development of innovations in the financial and technological sector.

Meanwhile, AMF representatives report that the regulator is often approached by start-ups that are going to conduct ICO and who want to receive advice on the requirements that may be raised for fund-raising campaigns.

 

ICOs May Allocate $24B Tokens to Themself

As reported, price of tokens, "left to cover the operating costs", reached $80B at the peak
17 January 2019   211

The total cost of the tokens that the organizers of well-known ICO projects have left to cover the operating costs and remuneration of developers at the time of release was $ 24.2 billion. At the peak, their price reached almost $ 80 billion. This is evidenced by the results of a study conducted by BitMEX together with the TokenAnalyst.

At the current illiquid rate, the assets of ICO-projects in their own tokens amount to about $ 5 billion, having depreciated by more than $ 70 billion.

However, the researchers note, this value is rather arbitrary, since the liquidity of tokens at peak levels was low. It is also incorrect to classify changes of this amount as losses because the organizers of the ICO transferred tokens into their wallets in accordance with the crowdsale conditions.

Having studied the archive of token transfers from ICO-team wallets, BitMEX and TokenAnalyst came to the conclusion that the realized profit from the sale of such tokens could be $ 1.5 billion, with the proviso that some of the tokens might not have been sold or left the wallets for other reasons .

The largest amounts of tokens in their wallets were credited by the Veritaseum and Noah project teams, which, as analysts say, looks “almost comical” against the background of real trading volumes.

Token data up to Dec 2018, data based on prices at the time(s) of issuance
Token data up to Dec 2018, data based on prices at the time(s) of issuance

This analysis highlights the lack of standards and transparency in the ICO market, especially when it comes to the allocation of tokens to the founding team’s wallet. Teams were often able to mint, burn, buy, and sell (their own) tokens at will, without analysts being able to easily track what is occurring. We would often see tokens in exchange clusters, and it was hard to tell whether the token project “paid” the exchange to list tokens or the token project just transferred their treasury to the exchange to cash out.
 

BitMEX Researchers' Report

In November 2018, BitMEX CEO Arthur Hayes said that the tokens of the largest ICO projects would collapse after entering the secondary market.