How to get the size of a list in Python?

Small tutorial with code example and video on how to see the size of the list in Python
05 September 2017   943

To get the size of a list, use the builtin function, len:

items = []
items.append("green")
items.append("orange")
items.append("yellow")

And type:

len(items)

len(s) argument returns the length (the number of items) of an object. The argument may be a sequence (such as a string, bytes, tuple, list, or range) or a collection (such as a dictionary, set, or frozen set).

len is implemented with __len__, from the data model docs:

object.__len__(self)

Called to implement the built-in function len(). Should return the length of the object, an integer >= 0. Also, an object that doesn’t define a __nonzero__() [in Python 2 or __bool__()in Python 3] method and whose __len__() method returns zero is considered to be false in a Boolean context.

And we can also see that __len__ is a method of lists:

items.__len__()

returns 3.

And in fact we see we can get this information for all of the described types:

>>> all(hasattr(cls, '__len__') for cls in (str, bytes, tuple, list, 
                                            xrange, dict, set, frozenset))
True

NGINX to Release Unit 1.3 Beta

Developers expanded the ability to run web applications in Python, PHP, Perl, Ruby and Go
16 July 2018   99

In open access, a beta version of the NGINX Unit 1.3 application server was released. Developers continued to expand the ability to run web applications in Python, PHP, Perl, Ruby and Go. The project code is written in C and is distributed under the Apache 2.0 license.

Features

Version 1.3 eliminates the problems with handling errors when installing HTTP connections.

Among other changes:

  • parameter max_body_size to limit the size of the body of the request;
  • new parameters for setting timeouts when setting up an HTTP connection:
         "settings": {
              "http": {
                  "header_read_timeout": 30,
                  "body_read_timeout": 30,
                  "send_timeout": 30,
                  "idle_timeout": 180,
                  "max_body_size": 8388608
              }
          },
  • automatic use of the Bundler where possible in the Ruby module;
  • http.Flusher interface in the module for the Go language;
  • The possibility of using characters in the UTF-8 encoding in the request headers.

The first version of the NGINX 1.1 application server was released in mid-April 2018. Under the control of NGINX Unit, several applications can be executed simultaneously in different programming languages, the startup parameters of which can be changed dynamically without the need to edit the configuration files and restart.