ICOs to Sell Record Amount of ETH in December

Filecoin is selling digital assets most actively, along with SingularDTV and Kyber
28 December 2018   423

During the last month, ICO-projects have withdrawn 433.8 thousand coins of Ethereum (ETH), which is a record figure for the entire existence of the crypto-industry. This is reported by research company Diar.

Ethereum withdrawals by ICOs
Ethereum withdrawals by ICOs

ICO-startups withdraw much more money than in the previous two months. At the same time, slightly more than 3 million ethers remain on the balances of projects.

Filecoin is selling digital assets most actively. SingularDTV and Kyber are also highlighted in this context. In November, the Tezos and Aragon projects launched more than 82,000 ETH.

2018 Start of Month ICO ETH Holdings
2018 Start of Month ICO ETH Holdings

According to analysts of The Wall Street Journal, 513 of the 3,300 ICO-projects were plagiarized, promising investors transcendental profits "without any risks."

Constantinople to be Postponed

Ethereum's hardfork will be late due to critical vulnerability found
16 January 2019   196

A scheduled upgrade of the Ethereum network called Constantinople was postponed indefinitely after a critical vulnerability was discovered in one of the improvements, CoinDesk reports.

This is a vulnerability in EIP-1283, which, as identified by the audit company SmartSecurity smart contracts, gave hackers the opportunity to steal user funds.

During a video conference on Tuesday with the participation of Ethereum developers and other clients and projects working on the network, it was decided to temporarily postpone the activation of the hard forks.

In particular, Vitaly Buterin, developers Hudson Jameson, Nick Johnson and Evan van Ness, as well as release manager of Parity Afri Shoedon took part in the meeting. Discussing the revealed vulnerability, they agreed that it would be impossible to eliminate it before the appointed time for hardfork (around 04:00 UTC on January 17).

A vulnerability, called a reentrancy attack, allows an attacker to repeatedly enter the same function and infinitely withdraw funds.

Imagine that my contract has a function which makes a call to another contract… If I’m a hacker and I’m able to trigger function a while the previous function was still executing, I might be able to withdraw funds.
 

Joanes Espanol

CTO, blockchain analytics firm Amberdata

According to him, this is a lot like the vulnerabilities that were discovered in The DAO in the summer of 2016.

Representatives of ChainSecurity also noted that up to the Constantinople hard fork, data storage on the network cost 5,000 units of gas, which exceeds the 2,300 gas usually needed to call the “transfer” and “send” functions. After the upgrade, “dirty” storage operations will cost 200 units of gas, and an attacking contract can use 2,300 gas to successfully manipulate the variables of vulnerable contracts.

New date of hardfork not yet determined.