India Won’t Pay Venezuela for Oil with ‘Petro’

Although being proposed a 30% discount for payment in petro in crude oil imports from Venezuela, India won`t use the South American cryptocurrency
31 May 2018   1611

This week Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj was interviewed by the reporters during a news conference about a Venezuelan trade deal involving crude oil and a reported discount of 30 percent contingent on the acquiring being made with the Venezuela’s state cryptocurrency - petro. The Indian foreign minister declared that the country has no plans to use the petro in buying oil, referring a directive from India’s central bank which does not admit trade using cryptocurrency.

We cannot have any trade in cryptocurrency as it is banned by the Reserve Bank of India. We will see which medium we can use for trade. India follows only UN sanctions, and not unilateral sanctions by any country.
Sushma Swaraj
Foreign Minister, India

RBI (The Reserve Bank of India), India’s central bank, claimed about a harmful policy in April mandating RBI-regulated financial establishments ban their customers and users from buying cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Banks were also prohibited from providing services “dealing with or settling” cryptocurrencies. Though it isn’t directly stated that the ban extends to transactions settled in cryptocurrency, there is no surprise in the Indian government choosing not make a trade deal in the petro despite the significant discount suggested.

Developed as an instrument for payments in order to contend the economic sanctions and a US-led financial blockade, Venezuela’s petro has faced a lot of criticism from within the country. In March, the National Assembly of Venezuela claimed the ‘unconstitutional’ petro ‘a fraud’.

India isn’t concerned about US sanctions facing Venezuela and Iran, the latter which has now become India’s top crude oil supplier. Indian Foreign Minister also affirmed that the country would continue trading with Venezuela in spite of oil imports from the South American nation being at their lowest levels in over five years.

BTC Futures Didn't Collapse Market in 2017, - CME

According to the managing director of CME Group, they "didn’t have that wherewithal, that ability to drive that impact"
14 November 2019   179

Tim McCourt, managing director of CME Group, has denied the widespread theory that the alleged launch of regulated bitcoin futures caused a market crash after the 2017 rally.

A lot of times, people ask us, ‘Did futures cause the price to decline from $20,000 to $3,000?’ And the answer is ‘no,’.

Tim McCourt

Global head of equity index and alternative investment products, CME Group

He recalled that at first the turnover of bitcoin futures on CME was 1,100 contracts, which is equivalent to 5300-5500 BTC or about $ 100 million at prices at the end of 2017.

There is no way over that period of time, given the size of the Bitcoin market, in terms of spot trading or the ability to mine Bitcoin, that futures could cause that impact. These things are governed by the law of supply and demand. We just didn’t have that wherewithal, that ability to drive that impact.

Tim McCourt

Global head of equity index and alternative investment products, CME Group

Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) Bitcoin Futures was launched on December 18, 2017. A day earlier, the price of bitcoin reached a historic high in the region of $ 20,000, but soon plummeted.

Despite the sharp change of mood and the bear market, the volume of bitcoin futures trading on CME grew - by May of this year, the average daily turnover reached 13,600 contracts, corresponding to 68,000 BTC or $ 515 million at the exchange rate at that time.

We certainly play a role in the price discovery because people can freely express their demand to buy and sell at CME and transact with one another, but I wouldn’t necessarily say we are impacting price.

Tim McCourt

Global head of equity index and alternative investment products, CME Group

Among other things, a CME representative said that he is an ardent supporter of Bitcoin ETF and hopes to see such products on the market soon.

ETF providers and asset managers are our customers at CME. They use our futures products to create other ETFs, to hedge structure projects, and we’re certainly trying to enable them to do the same type of strategy on Bitcoin. We want to make sure they have the risk-management tools they need to be successful in managing their risk. We’re working with them to make sure they have what they need for trying to introduce products such as an ETF.

Tim McCourt

Global head of equity index and alternative investment products, CME Grou

Recently, Christopher Giancarlo, the former head of the Commodity Exchange Commodity Trading Commission (CFTC), said recently that the launch of the CME Bitcoin Futures was a targeted action by the Donald Trump administration to eliminate the bubble in the cryptocurrency market.