Ledger Nano S Firmware Update to Improve Security

According to official blog, new firmare solve a lot of issues
17 April 2018   1067

The manufacturer of popular hardware cryptowallets Ledger has released a new version of the software (v. 1.4.2) for Nano S devices.

We are continuously working to improve the security of Ledger devices. As our business grows, we will accelerate our work identifying opportunities to improve the security of our services and products.
 

Ledger Team

 According to the team, these are main improvements

  • Improving user pin security
  • Improving recovery phrase security
  • Getting rid of confusing error messages
  • Improving application checks

This month, many users of Ledger's crypto-currency wallets faced difficulties in accessing their Bitcoin Cash assets.

Ledger developers are preparing to launch new native applications for desktop and mobile versions that will gather cryptocurrencies in one space and will not rely on Google Chrome or Chromium.

Ledger to Discover HSM Vulnerability

HSM is an external device designed to store public and private keys used to generate digital signatures and to encrypt data, used by banks, exchanges, etc
10 June 2019   1279

A group of researchers from Ledger identified several vulnerabilities in the Hardware Security Module (HSM) devices, which can be used to extract keys or perform a remote attack to replace the firmware of an HSM device. The problem report is currently available only in French, the English-language report is scheduled to be published in August during the Blackhat USA 2019 conference. HSM is a specialized external device designed to store public and private keys used to generate digital signatures and to encrypt data.

HSM allows you to significantly increase protection, as it completely isolates keys from the system and applications, only by providing an API to perform basic cryptographic primitives implemented on the device side. Typically, HSM is used in areas where you need to provide the highest protection, for example, in banks, cryptocurrency exchanges, certification centers for checking and generating certificates and digital signatures.

The proposed attack methods allow an unauthenticated user to gain complete control over the contents of the HSM, including extracting all the cryptographic keys and administrative credentials stored on the device. The problems are caused by a buffer overflow in the internal PKCS # 11 command handler and an error in the implementation of the cryptographic protection of the firmware, which bypasses the firmware check using the PKCS # 1v1.5 digital signature and initiates loading the own firmware in the HSM.

The name of the manufacturer, the HSM devices of which have vulnerabilities, has not yet been disclosed, but it is argued that the problem devices are used by some large banks and cloud service providers. At the same time it is reported that information about the problems was previously sent to the manufacturer and it has already eliminated vulnerabilities in the fresh firmware update. Independent researchers suggest that the problem may be in the devices of the company Gemalto, which in May released an update to Sentinel LDK with the elimination of vulnerabilities, access to information about which is still closed.