Linus Torvalds to Leave Linux Temporarily

Creator of Linux kernel wants to take a pause to "figure out how to understand people's emotions and react adequately"
18 September 2018   447

On September 16, 2018, along with the announcement of the release of the fourth release candidate, Linux 4.19, Linus Torvalds stated that he for the time being removed from the development of the OS kernel to "figure out how to understand people's emotions and react adequately." He will be replaced by Greg Kroah-Hartman.

I need to change some of my behavior, and I want to apologize to the people that my personal behavior hurt and possibly drove away from kernel development entirely.

Linus Torvalds

Creator, Linux

According to Torvalds, the incident with the overlay of his vacation for the time of the October Summit of Linux developers (Maintainer's Summit) made him look at himself from the outside. In early September, it turned out that because of inattention, he planned a holiday with his family during the summit. Because of this, I had to move the meeting from Vancouver to Edinburgh, which was somewhat difficult.

Torvalds acknowledged he was rude, often did not consider the feelings of other people, but regretted it and intended to correct his behavior. Jono Bacon, a leading strategic development consultant, considered this recognition as evidence that Linus is putting the project ahead of his own ego, and invited colleagues to support him in this endeavor.

Torvalds also amended the Code of Conduct, which regulates the resolution of conflicts within the community. The old version was limited to a short list of recommendations for respectful relationship to each other. The new extends and refines this list, taking as a basis the Contributor Covenant, adopted in many other open source projects, including GitLab, Kubernetes and those developed by Google.

A couple of months before, another leader- the head of the Python project Guido van Rossum - announced about his resignation, but more long-term. He limited his role in the development of language as a mentor and kernel developer, and left more global issues to the discretion of the community. Van Rossum explained that he was tired of participating in the battles for PEP-specifications and "seeing how many people despise" his decisions.

Cloudflare to Develop IPFS Gateway

According to the developers, new gateway will allow to create P2P based websites
20 September 2018   223

Cloudflare told about the IPFS gateway, which will allow creating sites based on P2P network. The company said that access to content will be done without having to install special software on the devices.

As a technology feature, Cloudflare experts note decentralization. Using a standard network scheme with servers involves physical storage of data in one place. Hacking the server or damage to communications as a result of an emergency (for example, a natural disaster) will lead to inaccessibility of information or its loss. The same is threatened with information if the server owner has decided to refuse it.

Cloudflare Network
Cloudflare Network

The IPFS gateway combines computers, on each of which some information is stored, to the worldwide network. Therefore, the inaccessibility of one computer does not mean that the content can not be viewed or downloaded. Therefore, the key differences are two:

  1. With IPFS, anyone can freely post information instead of storing it on remote servers and paying for their services.
  2. Requests for access to data are carried out using cryptographic hashing, rather than by IP address. The query data is converted to a series of letters and numbers, by which the system finds the required files. For example, the query for any information will not like "get information that is located at IP address", but the kind "get information with hash sum QmXnnyufdzAWL5CqZ2RnSNgPbvCc1ALT73s6epPrRnZ1Xy". This hash sum is part of the desired file and is on several computers.

The system automatically determines the authenticity of the file. If we take as an example a query with a hash sum QmXnnyufdzAWL5CqZ2RnSNgPbvCc1ALT73s6epPrRnZ1Xy, then when receiving the information it should remain the same. If the hash value differs, then the file has been changed. In other words, the hash-sum can be represented as a unique fingerprint:

IPFS Security
IPFS Security

Supporters of decentralization are also in a number of other companies. Mozilla employees believe that consumers should not be tied to a particular product, brand or platform. In early August 2018, developers published a version of the IoT gateway Things Gateway 0.5. In it, they realized the possibility of loading third-party icons and an interface for complex devices.