Mike Novogratz to Create 'Drexel' Bank of Crypto

Drexel Burnham Lambert bank was a monopoly of the junk bond market in 80s
07 June 2018   859

Former hedge fund manager Mike Novogratz declined the promise to create "Goldman Sachs for crypto" and now focuses on the infamous Drexel Burnham Lambert bank. This investment bank in the 80s was a monopoly of the junk bond market and is also known for one of the biggest Wall Street scandals related to insider trading. This is reported by Bloomberg

Novogratz founded a commercial crypto bank, Galaxy Digital, which raised $ 250 million of private capital, and in April hired Richard Kim, vice president of Goldman Sachs. Galaxy Digital was planned to be launched in December 2017, but in the end, Novograz decided to postpone, considering the state of the market is not suitable for taking investor's money.

I was originally saying we were going to build the Goldman Sachs of this space. Now, and I know this is going to get me in trouble, but it’s actually more like Drexel. If you think about what Mike Milken and his guys did, they helped credentialize junk bonds, high yield as an asset class. They were the proselytizers, the traders, the bankers.

Mike Novogratz

Founder, Galaxy Digital

Bank Drexel Burnham Lambert in 1990 became bankrupt because of the scandal associated with insider trading. Managing director of the bank Dennis Levine was involved, whose life the Fortune described as "the abyss of deception and betrayals." At its peak, Drexel was the fifth largest bank in the US, but as a result it was bankrupt after its employee Michael Milken was accused of insider trading. Back in 1989, the bank was in an unenviable financial situation, after the "bubble" in the rubbish bond market burst.

Perhaps Novogradets mentioned trash bons, because I wanted to compare them with the growth of ICO, with which more than $ 9 billion was raised this year. Although many of these projects are legitimate, the amount of money injected into them forces people to ask questions about the value of these projects, as well as whether their developers really do what they promise. Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin called this situation the "bubble" of ICO last year.

Potentional Vulnerabilities Found in ETH 2.0

Least Authority have found potentional security issues in the network P2P interaction and block proposal system
26 March 2020   202

Technology security firm Least Authority, at the request of the Ethereum Foundation, conducted an audit of the Ethereum 2.0 specifications and identified several potential vulnerabilities at once.

Least Authority said that developers need to solve problems with vulnerabilities in the network layer of peer-to-peer (P2P) interaction, as well as in the block proposal system. At the same time, the auditor noted that the specifications are "very well thought out and competent."

However, at the moment there is no large ecosystem based on PoS and using sharding in the world, so it is impossible to accurately assess the prospects for system stability.
Also, information security experts emphasized that the specifications did not pay enough attention to the description of the P2P network level and the system of records about Ethereum nodes. Vulnerability risks are also observed in the block proposal system and the messaging system between nodes.

Experts said that in the blockchains running on PoS, the choice of a new block is simple and no one can predict who will get the new block. In PoS systems, it is the block proposal system that decides whose block will fall into the blockchain, and this leads to the risk of data leakage. To solve the problem, auditors suggested using the mechanism of "Single Secret Leader Election" (SSLE).

As for the peer-to-peer exchange system, there is a danger of spam. There is no centralized node in the system that would evaluate the actions of other nodes, so a “malicious" node can spam the entire network with various messages without any special punishment. The solution to this problem may be to use special protocols for exchanging messages between nodes.