MIT to Create Plant Cyborg

Elowan the robot with the plant drives to the light source necessary for photosynthesis
06 December 2018   312

Specialists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed the Elowan robot, which is in a kind of symbiosis with the plant. A living organism uses electrical signals to control the movement of the robot.

So far, the system only responds to some changes, such as lighting a plant or a lack of water. Silver electrods are used to transmit signals, which are implanted in the leaves, roots and stem of the plant. The direction of movement of the robot depends on the strength of the impulse. For example, in one of the experiments, the robot on which the pot with the plant stood, itself drove up to the light source necessary for photosynthesis.

The algorithm looks like this: the plant needs light, this causes certain biochemical changes that generate an electrical impulse. The robot captures it, decrypts and executes the desired command.

In the future, such systems may be useful for automatic farms, where robots themselves will take care of plants, responding to their needs for light, water or nutrients. Such technologies will be used in agriculture on Earth, as well as in distant space expeditions, where it will be necessary to grow plants on board a ship.

Python to be Language of 2018 According to TIOBE

According to experts, Python has become an integral part of many IT-spheres, including AI
09 January 2019   328

TIOBE experts called Python the programming language of 2018 - according to them, Python has become an integral part of many IT-spheres. It is leader of use at statistics, artificial intelligence systems development, scripts and system tests, and is still widely used in web development and scientific computing.

By the way, Python reached this peak for the third time - none of the languages ​​showed this result.

TIOBE Languages of the Year List
TIOBE Languages of the Year List

TIOBE experts summed up not only the whole year, but also the month. Returning to the top three in December, in January, Python continued to push C ++, although the last time it lost ground fairly quickly.

MATLAB changed places with Ruby: the first one rose to the 11th line, the second one dropped to 18. TypeScript took off as much as 118 points and took the 49th place. F # lost two dozen points, and Alice lost all four.

Tiobe Index Jan 2019 to Jan 2018 Compare
Tiobe Index Jan 2019 to Jan 2018 Compare

Kotlin started the year with a positive. The language has risen to 31st place, and experts believe that in 2019 it will enter the top 20.