Vitalik Buterin plans to improve ICOs with DAICO

The creator of Ethereum wants to use benefits of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations to make Initial Coin Offerings more responsible and democratized
07 January 2018   1359

On January 5th, Vitalik Buterin, the creator of Ethereum, posted a note under the name “Explanation of DAICOs” on the Ethereum Research forum, describing the ways of improving the ICO model by merging in some of the benefits of DAOs in a way that will minimize complexity and risk.

DAICO sketchDAICO sketch

As Vitalik states in the post, DAICO contract is published by a single development team that wishes to raise funds for a project. The DAICO contract starts off in “contribution mode”, specifying a mechanism by which anyone can contribute ETH to the contract, and get tokens in exchange. This could be a capped sale, an uncapped sale, a dutch auction, an interactive coin offering, a KYC’d sale with dynamic per-person caps, or whatever other mechanism the team chooses. Once the contribution period ends, the ability to contribute ETH stops, and the initial token balances are set; from there on the tokens can become tradeable.

If the voters are very unhappy with the development team’s progress, they can always vote to shut the DAICO down entirely and get their money back.
 

Vitalik Buterin

The creator of Ethereum also notes that DAICO has a mechanism through which token holders can vote on resolutions, which can be made either by raising the tap or by permanently self-destructing the contract.

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3 ICOs of Extrabit banned by Alabama Securities Watchdog

Alabama Securities Commission (ASC) has ordered alleged cryptocurrency mining firm Extrabit to stop its token sale offering in the state
25 May 2018   57

The U.S. state's securities regulator, the Alabama Securities Commission (ASC), has supported its colleagues in Texas and New Jersey in hitting out at ICOs that are soliciting local citizens. The cease-and-desist order which was published yesterday  claimed that the agency has ordered purported cryptocurrency mining firm Extrabit to cease its token sale offering in the state.

The ASC declared the company has been illegally begging Alabama investors with what it considers an unregistered securities offering after it announced its token sale on the website of WSFA, an NBC-affiliated TV station recognized in the state capital, Montgomery. While presently the online advertisement appears to have been taken down, the agency said in the order that the firm originally claimed that investors in the pre-ICO phase could buy Extrabit's token "EXB" at half price.

The advertisement claimed that in order to take part in the pre-sale, the user should invest $20,000 and after the purchase, the tokens will be sent to MyEtherWallet within 48 hours. Then, Extrabit's white paper states that, since the firm generates its profits chiefly from mining bitcoin, zcash and monero, it pledges a 185 percent return on investment every quarter for investors who maintain a positive balance in their EXB wallet.

As well as offering unbooked securities, the ASC said the project made "materially misleading" suggestions to deceive investors. Extrabit is not the only token project that is targeting residents in Alabama. A Google search for "token sale" on the WSFA website currently comes up with over 200 press release-style ads from various ICO projects. 

The ASC has also checked two other token sale projects, called LEV and Platinum, with cease-and-desist orders entered on May 2 and May 18. Like with Extrabit, the agency charged the two projects of selling unregistered securities in Alabama while making vaporous promises to potential investors over the likely returns on investment.