What is Google Kubernetes?

Overview of open-source cluster management project by Google
10 August

What is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is an open source project designed to manage a cluster of Linux containers as a single system. Kubernetes manages and runs Docker containers on a large number of hosts, and also provides the co-location and replication of a large number of containers. The project was launched by Google and is now supported by many companies, including Microsoft, RedHat, IBM and Docker. It is written in Golang and is lightweight, modular, portable and extensible.

Google has been using container technology for more than a decade. It started with the launch of more than 2 billion containers in one week. With the help of the Kubernetes project, the company shares its experience in creating an open platform designed for scalable container launch.

The project has two goals. If you use Docker containers, the following question arises - how to scale and launch containers directly on a large number of Docker hosts, and how to balance them? The project proposes a high-level API that defines the logical grouping of containers, which allows you to define container pools, load balances, and specify their allocation.

Kubernetes concepts

  • pods — a way to group containers together
  • replication controllers — a way to handle the lifecycle of containers
  • labels — a way to find and query containers, and
  • services — a set of containers performing a common function.
  • volumes (volumes.md):  a directory, possibly with data in it, which is available in the container.
  • labels (labels.md): key / value pairs that are attached to objects, for example pods. Labels can be used to create and select sets of objects.
  • kubectl Command Line Interface (kubectl.md): kubectl command line interface for managing Kubernetes.

Kubernetes architecture

The working Kubernetes cluster includes the agent running on the nodes (kubelet) and the wizard components (APIs, scheduler, etc), over the distributed storage solution.

Kubernetes Architecture
Kubernetes architecture

The above scheme shows the desired state, in the final analysis, although some work is still under way, for example: how to make the kubelet (all components, in fact) run independently in the container, which will make the scheduler 100% pluggable.

Learn how Kubernetes works in real life situations.

Brigade launched

Event-driven scripting tool for Kubernetes released by Microsoft
31 October

Microsoft has unveiled its new Open Source development for the needs of DevOps, a Brigade utility designed to run scripts that are executed on a Kubernetes cluster on an event.

The Brigade utility was created by former employees of Deis, a company that Microsoft bought earlier this year. Deis was working on Kubernetes, Helm and Draft. The purpose of Brigade is to "script simple and complex workflows using JavaScript." The solution allows to associate containers by running them sequentially or in parallel and invoking scripts based on time, events in GitHub (also supported by "DockerHub and other popular web services"), push operations in Docker or other triggers. Readme of the project describes it as "a tool for creating pipelines for Kubernetes".

Brigade architecture
Brigade architecture 

Brigade is written in Go and TypeScript / JavaScript, it functions as a service inside Kubernetes. The job (task) in Brigade is a JavaScript script that is interpreted by the product service, which leads to the creation of the necessary resources in Kubernetes. Next, Brigade expects events and performs the corresponding task trigger. It is assumed that the new solution is well suited for the tasks of continuous integration and delivery of applications (CI / CD), tk. simplifies automated testing, assembly of artifacts and releases, management of software deployment.

Check GitHub for more information.